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For the average American the ‘good old days’ of living off of retirement funds, pensions, 401k’s and company stock returns simply aren’t an option anymore. This can make getting by financial day to day challenging enough, but when the need for senior living or home health care arises it can leave one wondering how can I pay for all of this. Depending on your needs, age, current medical coverage, income, and/or eligibility for state, government or local programs you could find yourself needing to self-pay for part or even all of your senior living expenses or home care costs.
For these reasons and others, many individuals are developing long-term financial plans early on for their needs for elder care later in life—and wisely so. Unfortunately, many seniors discover how even general medical care can quickly put a dent in or deplete savings, leaving them little resources to survive on long-term, especially when the time arrives for full-time care. These individuals may qualify for state-funded assistance such as Medicaid to help with expenses, but those relying on Medicaid, traditional health insurance policies, or even veteran’s programs are likely to see out-of-pocket costs. Here are some ways seniors and their families obtain funds to cover private payments for senior living expenses and elder in-home care.
Several types of life insurance policies can be utilized or converted into funds for home care or senior living facility expenses prior to the policyholder passing away. This route may be the best option for seniors looking to preserve their eligibility later on for Medicaid or those who’ve done a great bit of planning ahead for their golden years. Typical policies that qualify for conversion to cash include the following.
These types of policies are designed to last for a specific term—typically 10, 15 or 20 years depending on the age of purchase—and they generally cater to seniors, so they often don’t require physical exams. Essentially, what you’re buying is a plan that will pay out if you were to pass away during that specified term. Term life insurance itself has no cash value, however, these policies can typically be converted into a permanent whole life or universal one when the term draws near. This option then gives policyholders the power to convert them into cash to pay for senior care needs.
Transferring a term life policy into a permanent universal or whole life insurance policy allows seniors to make the coverage last a lifetime in a sense. Furthermore, this conversion can often take place without answering any medical questions or having to deal with a physical exam as long as the transition takes place by a certain timeframe from the term’s expiration or by a certain age—often around 75. This is also a way to boost savings, as these policies build a tax-deferred ‘cash value’ that can be withdrawn against in segments or wholly within the limitations of the policy.
This is one of the best types of insurance to have as a senior hands down. Not only do many allow for cash withdrawals upon the policy’s accrued value, but long term care insurance also tends to cover elder health care living costs and certain other related expenses that often aren’t covered under Medicare and other types of supplemental policies. For those aged 65 and above finding themselves with the need for private payment may be able to look into one of these policies to supplement those costs.
Traditionally designed for policy holders with less than two years of life expectancy, viatical settlements involve one ‘cashing in’ their life insurance for a value that’s often 60-90% of the face value that’s paid out in one lump sum.
Annuities are long term investments that insurance companies can issue as a method of protecting finances to reduce the risks of outliving your income. One simply purchases an annuity and puts money towards it during their viable income years and receive payouts from those contributions later in life to use as needed.
Beyond life insurance options, many seniors who own a home and only need a short term loan while waiting for other benefits to come through (such as a home sale to pay for care or veteran’s health benefits approval) can take this route. Essentially, the home becomes collateral until the expected lump sum reparations are made by the beneficiary after specified funds become available.
Another way to use the home as a resource to privately fund senior care can apply for a reverse mortgage. In this arrangement, equity previously paid into the home can often be used to supplement current finances. Those aged 62 years or older on and on a fixed income may be able to get a loan and defer payments until later. These sums can be distributed in increments or one lump sum.
There are numerous options when it comes to senior health care, and many are covered by various types of policies. However, those who find themselves in need of additional financing can opt for any of these private payment options. Costs can vary even among the same region and locality, so let our experts help you find affordable care near you and further explore your payment options.
Scott founded Select Home Care Portland in 2009 and has been helping seniors live their best life at home or in their local senior community ever since. As an advocate for seniors, the primary philosophy has been to listen, educate and provide… Learn More About Scott Witt
Since graduating from Harvard with an honors degree in Statistics, Jeff has been creating content in print, online, and on television. Much of his work has been dedicated to informing seniors on how to live better lives. As Editor-in-Chief of the personal… Learn More About Jeff Hoyt
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