Parental Practices Analyzed

· Updated: April 12, 2024

When it comes to raising a child, there is no one right way to do it. There are multiple parenting styles, and it is up to parents to decide when, where, and how they want to broach certain topics with their children.

Cigarettes, drugs, politics, staying home alone – parents must dance a fine line between exposing their kids to difficult topics too early and waiting too long to discuss life’s many challenges and hurdles. Age-related guidelines are available to help parents navigate the waters of appropriate conversations, but in the end, it is their call to make.

We surveyed 1,007 people to find out which ages they associate with a variety of challenging issues, the sensitive topics being discussed most frequently, and how gender and generational divides play a role in what parents see as acceptable behavior for their kids. Continue reading to see what we learned.

Childhood Chats

childhood chatsYou’re known by the company you keep, as the saying goes – and, on the whole, our respondents took their children’s social development into account more than anything. Even as kids, the relationships we forge with our peers can have lasting effects on our future mental health and how well-adjusted we are as adults.

Some topics creep up earlier in life than others. Take gender identity, for instance. Twenty-nine percent of parents who’ve had a conversation about gender identity with their child did so before the child turned 5. Sixty-four percent of parents spoke to their kids about harassment when they were in elementary school, and 20 percent of parents waited until high school to talk about sex.


FYI: Dreams aren't just for children. Find out how long it takes each generation to fulfill their life goals, from falling in love to starting a business.    

Approaching Sensitive Topics: Parents vs. Non-Parents

ideal age to have sensitive discussions with childrenA lot can change when you have a child. Your family, social life, schedule, and priorities – among other things – undergo a fundamental shift as you transition into parenthood. So when it comes to appropriate ages for discussing challenging topics with kids, we wanted to know if and how parenthood skewed respondents’ perspectives.

Interestingly enough, non-parents were more conservative with the grand majority of discussion topics but to varying degrees. There was only a handful – including sexual orientation discussions – that saw parents weighing in with an older suggested age than non-parents.

For example, while parents said that 8.5 was the ideal average age for talking about gun safety, non-parents wanted to wait until age 10. It is important to note that this conversation is just as relevant for families who have no guns at home, given that your child may know a classmate whose family owns a firearm.

Approaching Sensitive Topics: Mom vs. Dad

approaching sensitive topics mom vs. dadDiscussing challenging topics, staying home alone, using social media … choosing the appropriate age to introduce a child to life’s realities can be a huge responsibility. When it comes to having your child approach you with personal issues, age plays an extremely important role in healthy communication.

Among our respondents, fathers proved to be the more conservative half of a parental unit overall, even though moms are known to fret more than dads. While the discrepancy was usually down to a decimal when it came to the appropriate age to introduce or discuss any given topic, dads wanted to wait two years longer than moms to discuss death – at 9.8 and 7.8 years old, respectively.

Fathers were also comfortable waiting almost two years longer to discuss bullying.

Did You Know?

Did You Know? Over 70 percent of women in America with children under 18 have a job. Learn more about what it's like for career women to balance their jobs and families.  

Things Better Left Unsaid

things better left unsaidSometimes, parents may wish to avoid certain conversations altogether. In particular, 10 percent didn’t want to discuss gender identity, and 8 percent hoped never to have a talk about sexual orientation with their children. Perhaps some parents, especially straight parents, may find it difficult to broach more LGBT-centric subjects with their children.

Topics least likely to be skipped included bullying, alcohol, and college. These topics may not be the easiest to discuss but are perhaps more universally experienced throughout childhood.

Parents’ Permission

gender normsAcross the board, women were more willing to let their children defy gender norms than men. While the majority of both genders were OK with allowing their daughters to play with trucks and wear boys’ clothes, the most staunch discrepancies surfaced when it came to sons acting feminine.

While 81 percent of mothers were fine with allowing a boy to play with dolls, 61 percent of fathers felt the same, and only 36 percent of dads were OK with their son having painted nails or wearing makeup (compared to 55 percent of women).

Indeed, while young girls are being encouraged more and more to take on traditionally male roles, boys’ gender exploration is incredibly stifled in comparison.

Bullying was the biggest concern for parents when it came to having a child deviating from gender norms, with 69 percent worried about their daughters getting bullied, compared to 79 percent worried about their sons. While parents’ concerns hardly varied depending on their child’s gender, they were more worried about their sons’ safety being compromised – a potential indicator that parents fear boys being more violent, especially given children’s tendency to group by gender at a young age.


The process of raising a child is highly nuanced, and parenting tactics can vary greatly depending on where you are in the world, the era in which you were born, and the way your parents raised you back when you were a kid.

Hanging out with negative influences and bullying – both of which contribute directly to social wellness – proved to be two very important topics for our respondents to discuss with their children. We also found that between moms and dads, and between parents and non-parents, there were more similarities than differences when it came to the most appropriate ages to discuss challenging topics with kids.

Meanwhile, one of the most striking differences had to do with gender identity: Respondents were largely more open to the idea of a girl engaging in gender-bending activities like playing with trucks and much more against the idea of boys playing with makeup or wearing dresses.

Keeping your kids healthy, safe, and feeling good is a huge effort. Just like preparing them to step out into the world is an integral part of good parenting, making sure they’re secure at home is equally important.


We surveyed 1,007 adults residing in the U.S. Forty-two percent of the participants were men and 58 percent were women. Participants ranged in age from 18 to 86 with a mean of 37 and a standard deviation of 10.

Our survey contained an attention-check question. Any participants who failed to demonstrate that they were paying attention to the survey questions were excluded from the analysis.

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